Friday, 23 March 2018

First Nations WWI Veterans

Canadian Patriotic Indian Chiefs 1915
Library & Archives Canada MIKAN 3192644
Working on the article for my Canadian Corner blog post, I was intrigued by the results of the research of Private Michel Nepin as his attestation paper indicated "Indian Draft". 

NEPIN, Michel Private 2497982 Canadian Forestry Corps "Indian Draft"
dob: June 1897 d. 25 Dec 1917
Find A Grave:
Son of Sophia Nepin. Attawapiskat, James Bay, Ontario. Occupation : Hunting.

Using Private Nepin's service number, I wondered if there were any other First Nation boys who enlisted at the same time. So I entered his number into the WWI database on Library and Archives Canada, changing the number for each search.
The results are as follows (a small sample) with a link to the CEF digital file:

FARIES, JAMES WALTER (2497959) Canadian Indian
Numerous posts on Twitter highlighted one soldier, John Shiwak, an Inuit Sniper. Nunatsiaq News:  Kenn Harper's John Shiwak: A Day in Arctic History;    Steve Clifford points us to Shiwak's digitized files;    Bruce MacDonald tweeted a CBC article about John Shiwak

Aboriginal Peoples Television Network  (APTN)  provided a little history on the Aboriginal History Month page.  John Shiwak was a hunter and trapper from Rigolet, a remote Inuit community in Labrador.

Dan Hill History via Twitter provided a picture of the grave of Private Joseph Standing Buffalo CWGC Bucquoy Road Cemetery in Ficheaux, France. His grandfather was Tatanka Lyotate better known as Sitting Bull. 2413310 28th Battalion Canadian Infantry Wondering why I didn't see a link to a digitized file.

Please see further in this article for a link to 
an index to the names of First Nations Soldiers. 

Research into the book: For King and Kanata: Canadian Indians and the First World War by Timothy C. Winegard ISBN 9780887557286 explains that approximately 4,000 Indians served in World War One. There was a feeling of patriotism to the King (not to Canada) and many also felt that in fighting in the war, they were protecting their own people.
Review of For King and Kanata: Canadian Indians and the First World War

A quote from the introduction:
      "At the outbreak of war in 1914, many Indian nations, or communities, felt a stronger allegiance to the crown, under which treaties were signed and previous military alliances fostered, than to Canada, and they readily offered support of men and money directly to the king. Canadian Indians shared equally in the burdens of the war, both on the battlefields and on the home front, and voluntarily aided the empire in its time of need. As an Assiniboine elder remarked to his young men at the outbreak of war, “Don’t die a woman’s death in bed. Die the warrior’s death at the end of the warpath trail, where a coup-feather awaits the brave.”
The research in the book also indicates that the Indian women formed Red Cross societies on their reserves and were active in supporting their brave sons.

A few excerpts from the book:
“Unlike blacks, both French Canadians (aside from the 22nd “Van Doos” Battalion) and Indians were scattered across CEF units to promote assimilation or – as Lieutenant General Sir Arthur Currie argued – equality with their peers."

"Death of the first Canadian Indian in the First World War, Private Angus Laforce, a Mohawk from Kahnawake, Quebec went missing evening of Apr. 22nd 1915. The following day Lieutenant Cameron D. Brant of the Six Nations of the Grand River, great-great-grandson of Joseph Brant (Thayendanegea). Their bodies were never recovered although their names are on the Menin Gate in Ypres, Belgium."

p.58 Photo:
"Cree Recruits from File Hills, Saskatchewan October 1915: David Bird, Joe McKay, Leonard McKay, Leonard Creely, Jack Walker, Harry Stonefield." (Glenbow Museum Archives NA-3454-41)

"In addition to serving as snipers and scouts, Canadian Indians were employed in every other branch of the combat arms and auxiliary formations except for the Royal Tank Corps."

p.121 Photo:
"Blood recruits of 191st Battalion Fort Macleod, Alberta." (Glenbow Museum Archives NA-2164-1)

**My online research found this amazing page listing hundreds of names of Indians who signed up.
From this fabulous piece of work, there were hundreds of First Nations Metis and Inuit men who signed up for service in the First World War. This page is authored by Jeff Schlingloff and sponsored by the Vancouver Community Network.  Long may it continue.

November 8th designated National Aboriginal Veterans Day.  A 2016 CBC News article about Aboriginal Veterans Day.

The British Library has a page with many pictures from Canada - also includes references to pictures of Native Americans. Picturing Canada. 

Other books: 
Pegahmagabow: Legendary Warrior, Forgotten Hero by Adrian Hayes and Native Soldiers, Foreign Battlefields by Janice Summerby

World War Two - A brief mention of World War Two resources: 

Honoring First Nations Veterans video and interviews - Nishnawbe Aski Nation posted on You Tube in 2010.

Indigenous People in the Second World War  - Veterans Affairs Canada's Historical Sheets 

So much more to discover and honour a little known, but proud contingent of soldiers, original citizens of the country of Canada.

Monday, 19 March 2018

Explore the Past - Worcestershire County Council & Archives

Explore the Past - Worcestershire County Council
Archives and libraries struggle to reach their customers in an effective way with enough information that describes their holdings while not being altogether overwhelming.

Preparing to visit an archive or library can be an arduous task. There are so many things to consider: open times, how to register, how to get there, where to park, where to eat or where to stay. This review ties in to my future article '5 Steps to Plan Your (Overseas) Genealogy Research Trip' Coming Soon!

To help plan your visit to the UK, the Worcestershire County Council have gone one step further, creating a comprehensive tool / information kit, especially for those from a distance. They have produced a small booklet which goes into quite a bit of detail about their collections which includes offering a limited research service for a fee. The content in the guide also gives a glimpse into how to use this information for a visit to any other archive - in the UK or elsewhere.

     'This guide is intended primarily as a resource for those unable to make the long journey to visit us, outlining the various services we offer to help get the resources to you.'

Their research library holds over 20,000 books, 12 miles of collections that cover the 12th century to the 21st century. The collections include specific histories of Worcestershire the place, and it's people.

The booklet has 14 sections including: Maps and Plans; Local Studies; Evidence of Archaeology and Historic Buildings and standard genealogical tools such as trade directories, electoral registers, census and newspapers. In addition to Church of England records there is a collection of School Records and Electoral Registers. One collection that stands out is Records of the Court of the Quarter Session, Personally I'm curious about Section 7: Photographs, prints and engravings.

The publication is well laid out and visually appealing.  Although the booklet showed 73 pages when viewed on my phone, it is important to mention that the pages are not packed with text but well balanced with images and large enough font size for comfortable reading.

The headings are large and each section is divided by a single title page. Also, I think they have done a great job with the non-technical jargon which sometimes confuses those of us who don't work in the heritage industry.

Thoughtful use of images and content, obvious collaboration between the archives staff and publisher. Even though it seems a massive publication it is a very easy read and comprehensive.

I used my mobile phone to go through the pages and it would be really useful to have the ability to jump to a particular section that I want to investigate instead of having to endlessly scroll.

A section that can often be overlooked (but is quite important) is an explanation of copyright and how it affects your research. Personally I felt that more could have been said with an emphasis on the legal responsibility of the user and how some collections have a caveat that the material is for research purposes only.

Where's the online content? Although I understand that this guide is meant to open up access to records that are not online, it is a well known fact that many genealogists nowadays want to see online content. Are there any specific Worcestershire records on Ancestry, for example? Are there any special indexing projects or a special emphasis on unique collections? What are their future plans for digitisation?

Any connections to the local community? Have any efforts been made to work with the local family history society or a special interest group? The website highlights 'Community Engagement and Advice' but I did not see a specific mention of either of my above points.

Perhaps a little thing that I forgot to mention is that there is a charge to download the publication, but £6.00 is not really a formidable cost, and I would like to think that spending this amount is going back into the archives somehow and not into a great big council pot.

Last page says simply 'Thank You' which is a nice touch, but adding a little more of an invitation would be more welcoming. Perhaps something like 'looking forward to meeting you' or a similar positive message.

It is highly recommended that any plan to visit an archive should first involve taking a look at the archive help pages, guides to collections and Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs). How many times have you showed up to an archive and there is a sign on the door that says they are closed? Frustrating.

This publication is very helpful as it does complement the information found on the website. Navigating to find various help guides on archive websites can be very tedious, as it seems there is no standardization from county to county, or indeed archive to archive, so this is a great introduction to the collections at the Worcestershire County Council Archives. It is obvious that a lot of work and thoughtful discussions have taken place between the archives, marketing team and the county council.

One of the things that surprised me is that Worcestershire offers a 'commercial' service to other archives including:  Cataloguing; Digitisation; Conservation; Archive Storage and Deposit services. This effort definitely shows support for the continuance and long term preservation of records in local collections. Is this the way of the future of archives management?

Lastly, I would hope that archives and county administration would take a serious look at the efforts by Worcestershire to provide the genealogy public another valuable resource to enhance their research. Do take a look!

Some archives mentioned in my blog posts:
Maritime Archives and Libraries in the UK such as: Gosport + Portsmouth, Liverpool
Hudson's Bay Company Archives - mentioned in : Hudson's Bay Company Family History

Thursday, 8 February 2018

Pictures of the First World War

Many are keen to find pictures of their ancestor in the First World War. 
Most often than not, the only ones you will have in your personal collection will be the official picture of your soldier in uniform. 

Doing a little digging, I discovered a couple of special newspaper collections for the First World War period you might find interesting for your genealogy research, one of which is entirely free - no subscription required! (Located towards the end of this article.)

The Daily Graphic 1918 

Amongst the many places on the internet that provide digital World War One collections, a unique 'archive' in newsprint form is the Illustrated News. Both Canada and the United Kingdom published these series, although it was a bit of a dig to find the Canadian representation. The Canadian Illustrated News was only published between 1869-1883.

I've outlined a few interesting websites for you below.  There are also photographs of Canadian troops in the British newspapers such as the Illustrated London News and the Illustrated War News.
Please scroll to the UK portion to discover this free online collection.


The Great War in Colour - this is an article about Mark Truelove's work to colourize the First World War with a short video clip.

First World War Comes To Life - The Vimy Foundation to Bring First World War to Life with Unique Project

This is the project that Mark Truelove has been working with, sponsored by The War Museum, includes a link to colourized images and describes its goals to host youth workshops and a travelling photo gallery across the country. Includes pictures of Black Canadian soldiers, Forestry Corps and even His Majesty's Pigeon Service.

LAC Shares Images of First World War on Flickr - this is an Archived page (2009) of Library and Archives Canada - but the link to the Flickr page still works!! Awesome collection of images grouped into themes. These are the ones related to the First World War:
Images of the Somme / Images de la Somme ; Canada in the Netherlands / Le Canada aux Pays-Bas ; Canadian Women's Army Corps / Service féminin de l'Armée canadienne ; Canadian War Artists / Artistes de guerre Canadien ; Podcast images: "Beyond Vimy" / Images de la baladodiffusion : <<Audela de Vimy>> ; Victoria Cross Recipients ... / Récipiendaires de la Croix de Victoria ... 
Weapons of the First World War -  although this is a gruesome subject, weapons were an everyday part of our soldier ancestor's daily life. The pictures on these pages do depict soldiers and some events.

Life at the Front Photographs - Canadian War Museum

Canadian Illustrated News, 1 octobre 1869, Index des illustrations (October - June) - provided by the Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec

Illustrated News

Library and Archives Canada have provided access to a limited number of images in the Canadian Illustrated News magazine. Issues are from 1869-1883 and although this does not fit into the First World War theme, I wanted to bring these to your attention.
This is a different way to access Canadian Illustrated News 1869-1883 - and some searches will require a subscription.

In a round about way I stumbled upon the Entirely Free to access webpages of the Illustrated First World War newspapers that were published in the United Kingdom.

The Illustrated First World War is a fabulous collection of illustrated newspapers from the First World War. The publisher's note on the website states:
'With the centenary of the First World War upon us, ILN Ltd, the custodians of the celebrated Illustrated London News and Great Eight Illustrated Magazine collection archives, felt a responsibility to make the 1914-18 archives available to the public for research, education and pleasure. With the help of a grant from the Heritage Lottery Fund, The Illustrated First World War website was created.'
Illustrated First World War - The website contains the following publications: The Illustrated War News  |  The Sphere  |  The Daily Graphic  |  The Sketch  |  The Bystander and The Illustrated London News. 
Another Vimy Ridge Memorial
Daily Graphic 12 Mar 1918
Searches in this newspaper collection for Canada resulted in 124 results, Canadian Expeditionary Force returned 266 results. An example is Unrivalled since William the Conqueror! Canada's Contingent and An advertisement for the Canadian National Railway steamer  finally  Highland Pipers Playing the Canadian Scottish into Ypres

Not only is there content about the Canadians and the British, there are also articles about the German Army, the Polish, the Russians, the French, Italian and many more. Other content is light and fluffy, for example, coverage of weddings and galas to raise money for the cause. As well notifications of deaths, births and notable events such as : 'The Sinking of a German Pirate Submarine by a British Destroyer' or The Pursuit of a Zeppelin by a French Aeroplane: A Photograph Taken in Mid-Air from an Aeroplane.  It is a publication that covers the First World War in all corners of Europe.

Be aware that the text in some articles have been converted using OCR, Optical Character Recognition.

Full access to the online Illustrated London News is provided by subscription via the GaleGroup. These are normally available in a university or special library as the subscription is costly and often not available to the home user.

A review by Chris Paton - The Genealogist is scanning the Illustrated London News - I'm not sure why this is being undertaken by The Genealogist (as full access is provided by Gale) unless it will be made more affordable for the average user?

Don't forget to research Newspapers via a number of other genealogy related websites!  Enjoy!

Genealogy à la carte Newspapers |  CanGenealogy Newspapers |  CyndisList Newspapers |    Ancestor Hunt Newspapers  |   INDEXes to Canadian Newspapers   |   Canadian Prairie Newspapers

Friday, 26 January 2018

Okanagan Burials - Kelowna & District Gen.Soc.

Beautiful BC        © Penny Allen
Thanks to genealogists I follow on Twitter I found another very important resource for obituaries in British Columbia. Those who are active in the BC Genealogy community are probably aware of this fabulous find - so forgive me for repeating this information.

The Kelowna & District Genealogical Society (KDGS) have been actively collecting information about burials and obituaries for more than 9 years. These have been compiled into 16 books, containing photographs, personal stories, maps and history of the local areas.  Please see an important message that was sent to me by Susan Campbell, Chair, KDGS Cemetery Recording Committee.  It is located in the section: This research resulted in the book [...]

The shining star in the collection is a special volume on the pioneers of the area who died as the result of drowning accidents or incidents associated with mining. The south bank of Mission Creek was a long time fishing area for First Nations and later a mining location for incoming European and Chinese settlers.

This research started with an enquiry via the Vernon & District Family History Society (VDFHS).

A researcher from Wales had contacted the Vernon & District Family History Society (VDFHS) who in turn contacted the Kelowna & District Genealogical Society (KDGS).

A gravemarker found in Wales noted a John Williams who drowned in 1877 in the Okanagan. Not surprisingly, the mis-spelling of Okanagan on the gravestone caused some confusion at first.  Using mining records, Bob Hayes and Susan Campbell found a record of John Williams claim alongside Mission Creek which confirmed the death.

This research resulted in the book: 'Isolated Burials in the Central Okanagan with Genealogies and Local History' by Bob Hayes and Susan Campbell. The book was so successful that it was chosen as a second place winner by the British Columbia Genealogical Society (BCGS) in 2017. It was also short-listed for the British Columbia Historical Federation (BCHF) book award which brought it to the attention of the historical community of the province. Which resulted in an interview on CBC's Daybreak South program - Listen Here

A message from Susan Campbell, Chair, KDGS Cemetery Recording Committee:
"The research and writing took a number of years of dedicated work. We are pleased that the historical and genealogical communities consider our work to be a valuable addition to the collective knowledge of our past. Many of the early settlers to the Okanagan were from the British Isles. They pioneered in farming and other occupations. Some of their stories have been documented in our books. A few copies of our "Isolated Burials" and "Index of Names" books are still available. We will not be printing more. If interested, please contact me at   At some future date, we plan to make these publications available digitally."
Don't stop here, have a good look through the KDGS website, as there are many more treasures for those whose ancestors settled or even passed through the Okanagan Valley.

Index of Names in the Central Okanagan has over 9000 names listed. These are taken from all the books published in Series 1 and 2.

Publications page:

Online Obituaries Index:  On this page there are 20,000+ obituaries indexed.  When you have found the surname via the links on this page, request a copy to be sent electronically.

Where are the books?

Archives: Library and Archives Canada (LAC); BC Archives; Kelowna Public ArchivesLake Country Archives; Westbank Archives; Red Deer Archives

Libraries: KDGS Library, Okanagan Regional Library; UBC Okanagan; Okanagan College; Vancouver Public Library; BC Genealogical Society Walter Draycott Library; Salt Lake City Family History Library (U.S.); Allen County Public Library (U.S.)

Contact Information:
Kelowna & District Genealogical Society
P.O. Box 21105
Kelowna, British Columbia
V1Y 9N8
Email: for information about the society
Email: for research enquiries

As many miners in Wales, Lancashire and the Midlands emigrated to British Columbia and area, this will be a fabulous resource to search for your long lost missing ancestor! I'm disappointed that the British Library and the Society of Genealogists in London don't have a copy, but can't expect miracles!

PS - My handle is @pennysresearch

Finding Your Ancestors in B.C.              UK to Canada Genealogy Index Page

Monday, 22 January 2018

Canadian Genealogy Tweets of 2017

A review of my favourite tweets in 2017. 

 © D. Allen 2018

Twitter seems to move at the speed of light, so much worthwhile information just goes speeding by!.  Enjoy these tweets that caught my eye in 2017 with a focus on Canadian Genealogy as well as some random Posts.

07 Dec 2017
Settler Records, Indigenous Histories: Challenges in Indigenous Genealogical Research - article reviewing indigenous genealogical resources particularly focussing on census and church records. Tweeted by @KnowhistoryCDN

10 Nov 2017
Kenn Harper's 2006 account of Nunatsiavut's John Shiwak: A Day in Arctic History. 

07 Nov 2017 Two Canadians are Chelsea pensioners - tweeted by Canadian UK (High Commission of Canada in the UK).

05 Nov 2017
1919 General Strike Monument University of Manitoba History Department - my suggestion was '[...] might explain a few brick walls.'

14 Oct 2017
Kenton de Jong tweeted about 6 Saskatchewan cemeteries - his visit and thoughts. Disturbed graves? Burned crosses? Mass hangings? Sask cemeteries are a wild place! I especially liked: 'Cemeteries are like a library of knowledge'.

01 Oct 2017
Margaret Doughtery - tweeted about her blog article - Looking for ancestors in cemeteries & city directories. A cemetery in Ireland mixed up records of her ancestor and her comment is 'No wonder we have brick walls!'

01 Oct 2017
Let us never forget: 'It's like they never existed': Monument to mark mass grave of British children. From a CBC article.

25 Sep 2017
Kevin McCormick, president of Huntington University in Sudbury Ontario. His mission is to return military medals and honours to their rightful owners. Pennys Research

17 Sep 2017
Annette Fulford Her grandparents left Liverpool for Canada after WW1, grandmother was his  UK war bride. They lived in Saskatchewan and then emigrated to B.C. Twitter Thread.

24 Aug 2017
Rural Diaries is a worthwhile effort of University of Guelph students. This page explains the ins and outs and here is a tweet about a new newspaper - 'New Dominion' being born!

14 Aug 2017
Medicine Hat Archives has a lot of really neat tweets - Emil Lorentson - pioneer story;   A Cree Family at the Pound Maker Reserve Battleford SK ca.1895;   Medicine Hat High School ca.1967

Jonathan Koch tweeted a number of great initiatives - Heritage Barns of Flagstaff AB;   'British Invasion';   an explanation of how Retlaw AB was named

15 May 2017 Franklin Mystery tweeted about everything and anything to do with the discovery of HMS Erebus and HMS Terror. Descendant of any of the crew of the Franklin ships?   This is a link to the CTV News article. This announcement was included in a RT - Claim for co-ownership of Franklin artifacts.   The Franklin Exhibition held at the National Maritime Museum 14 Jul. 2017-7 Jan. 2018 in London, UK is moving to  Gatineau 02 Mar. - 30 Sep. 2018!

07 Jan 2017
Arnprior and McNab/Braeside Archives - digital records of Renfrew Bottling Works tweeted by Library and Archives Canada

05 Jan 2017
Porcupine Gold Rush parking lot -ca1908 - tweeted by Karen Bachmann Curator of the Timmins Museum 

26 Dec 2016 - close enough to 2017 to count!
Cartwright House, Kingston Ontario - by Small Museums Canada

Not particularly Canadian focussed - but fun!

03 Dec 2017
Rembrandt's Room tweeting about the conservation and restoration of a 17th century map that had been discovered secreted away in a chimney for hundreds of years. Fascinating video.

30 Nov 2017
A book about the experiences of the everyday German soldier during WWI Fritz and Tommy : Across the barbed wire. by Peter Doyle and Robin Schafer.

07 Oct 2017
@DickKingSmith - children's author - when I have a little money I buy books....

02 Oct 2017
Most-shared books: the favourites we give again and again

05 Sep 2017
“I’m a historian not because I like old things…" Erica Armstrong Dunbar

Friday, 12 January 2018

Finding Your Ancestors in the Yukon, NWT and Nunavut

Genealogy in Canada's North is not for the faint of heart. Please note that I have done my best to uncover the resources via the internet and the only real roadblocks that I encountered were to identify genealogists who are actually living in each of these territories. Something to keep in mind is that a portion of the Northwest Territories was divided into Nunavut in 1999. Therefore, any records relating to Nunavut will be found in the Northwest Territories before that time.

If you have an interest in the Yukon, Northwest Territories or Nunavut, I would recommend starting at the Archives and the Library webpages as the staff will more than likely be aware of those individuals who have local knowledge.

On Twitter I follow  @CBCNorth  ;  @CBCNunavut  ;  @CBCMinogue  ;  @YukonMorin  and it is possible to glean interesting resources via their 'on the ground' reporting.

Brief History

When one thinks of the Yukon, the Klondike Gold Rush certainly comes to mind. But what about the people who were there before the rush for gold? The Tagish of the Tlingit Nation were and are First Nation Peoples who live in the Carcross area. There are six clans in the Tlingit nation and the Teslin people regularly traversed the Chilkoot Trail to trade with other communities. Later the miners would use this same trail to find their pot of gold. The Hudson's Bay Company, the North West Mounted Police and explorers such as Samuel Hearne, Alexander Mackezie, Sir John Franklin and Roald Amundsen amongst others were a part of the exploration of the territories and the North.

Yukon Communities  - a listing of communities in the Yukon and their events and happenings

To support the miners and the economic opportunities in the area led by the discovery of gold in 1896 by George Carmack, Skookum Jim and Dawson Charlie, the railroad, known as the White Pass & Yukon Route was developed in 1898.  As well, the arrival of the first party of North West Mounted Police in Yukon was in 1894. An important tragedy, one that is not often highlighted, was a horrible maritime disaster, the sinking of the Sophia Oct. 1918 with a loss of 354 lives. Burials took place in Juneau and gravestones in the cities of Vancouver and Victoria carry their names. (Morrison, p.124)

For Genealogists

These free websites should be your first stopping ground for Yukon genealogy.
Cangenealogy Yukon  is a website created by Dave Obee with links to explore Canadian genealogy.  Library & Archives Canada - Yukon  the Government of Canada's British Columbia Genealogy Page. Family Search Yukon  is the Family Search wiki.

Genealogy Resources Yukon and Alaska

Main Page of the Yukon Archives

Resources available through this site have been compiled by two of the Yukon's largest repositories of historical information, the Dawson City Museum & Historical Society Archives and the Yukon Archives. Since the holdings in these facilities are different, each institution has a separate searchable database accessible through

Candice has provided a thorough overview of the Yukon site provided by the Yukon Archives staff.

Yukon E-Resources

Explore North - A Watery Grave - Drownings in the Yukon & Alaska - this does sound a bit gruesome, but truth of the matter is that many explorers in the north met their end by drowning. Alphabetical Lists.

Murray Lundberg has done an awful lot of work collecting information about cemeteries in the Pioneer Cemetery now known as the Gold Rush Cemetery - a list of names of the burials.

Print Resources

Women of the Klondike and Children of the Klondike by Frances Backhouse

History Hunting in the Yukon by Michael Gates - historical accounts of adventurers in the North.

**Biographies of Alaska-Yukon Pioneers 1850-1950, Volumes 1 to 5 by Ed Ferrell

From Norway to the Klondike: The Adventurous and Independent Life of Georgine B. Sonsteby by Georgine B. Sonsteby and Kathy A. Lewis

The Story of Henry Isaacs and his Daughter, Hortie by Ric Newman

People of the Lakes: Stories of Our Van Tat Gwich'in Elders/Googwandak Nakhwach'anjoo Van Tat Gwich'in by Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation  and  Shirleen Smith - oral accounts that the Elders have been recording for 50 years translated from Gwich'in.

Klondike: The Last Great Gold Rush, 1896-1899 and The Klondike Fever: The Life and Death of the Last Great Gold Rush by Pierre Berton

Non Fiction books for understanding Canada - included in this list are some titles about Northern matters of interest.

Yukon Genealogists' Blogs

Not specifically genealogists' but nevertheless, I was astounded at the amount of information I uncovered - but I'm sure you will find much more.

Explore is a valiant effort by Murray Lundberg to document, gather photos and content of historical sites in the Yukon. Very impressive!  Contact:  yukonalaska @ 

Explore North - Harriet Pullen, Skagway, Alaska - well known entrepreneurial woman of the North who was passionate about retaining the history of the area.

Family History Research at Yukon Archives ca.2004 - even though this site is old, old, old, it does contain some worthwhile resources. Don't be disheartened by the broken links.

How to Find Your Gold Rush Relative: Sources on the Klondike and Alaska gold rushes, 1896-1914. Compiled by R. Bruce Parham, May 1997 (Updated April 2001)

SOS Disasters - articles about the Gold Rush - particularly the Chilkoot Trail. (Archived content from Library and Archives Canada.)

The Horror of the White Pass Trail - this is an account by Michael Gates, a local historian who hiked the trail in 1973.

An article about the Gold Rush in British Columbia and the Yukon. A collaboration by Canadian Museum of Immigration at Pier 21 and the University of Western Ontario’s MA Public History Program.     Forgotten Stories about the Klondike Gold Rush     Unique facts about Canada Klondike Gold Rush

The Real Characters of the Klondike   - One of the main inspirations for the content on this website is the story of Micí MacGabhann’s search for gold in the Yukon as described in Rotha Mór an tSaoil (The Great Wheel of Life). MacGabhann’s work was later translated into English and republished under the title The Hard Road to the Klondike. 

Researchers Located in Yukon

Murray Lundberg - is not so much a specialist in genealogy, but he is interested in the history of the region - see

Brief History
According to William Morrison, (True North: the Yukon and Northwest Territories the difference between the Yukon and the NWT - 'might as well have been on different continents'. The Yukon Territories was a part of the economic structure of Canada while the North-West Territories '[...] had hardly been touched at all by the world developments of the nineteenth century, let alone of the early twentieth. The non-native population of that huge region consisted of a handful of fur traders and missionaries.'
    In 1870 Canada acquired  the continental part of the NWT with the transfer of Rupert's Land from the Hudson's Bay Company and in 1880 Britain transferred the islands of the Arctic archipelago to Canada. (Morrison, p.110)
    Morrison also indicates that as of 1900 there were many Inuit in central NWT, and no-one knew the exact population as the government [Ottawa] was not in regular contact with the people. (Morrison, p.105) After the Second World War, the land was measured to be 3.38 ml. km squared or 34% (per cent) of Canada. To compare, the land mass of the Yukon was just under 5% (per cent). During this time, more attention was paid to gathering statistics and recording the number of residents.

For Genealogists

These free websites should be your first stopping ground for Northwest Territories genealogy.
Cangenealogy Northwest Territories is a website created by Dave Obee with links to explore Canadian genealogy.  Library & Archives Canada - Northwest Territories the Government of Canada's British Columbia Genealogy Page. Family Search Northwest Territories is the Family Search wiki.

Northwest Territories E-Resources

NWT Place Names Database 

Online collections at the Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre include some fabulous photographic collections.

James Jerome : Through a Gwich'in Lens the first photo on the page is of Laura Firth.

Henry Busse professional photographer - online collection

Print Resources

NWT Public Library Services
Jijuu Who are my grandparents? Where are they from? by Gwich'in Enrolment Board. 
(accessed on the NWT Public Library catalogue)      Reviewed by Carmen McCullough, on her family history website researching her ancestor, John Firth who moved to Fort Macpherson, NWT from the Orkney Islands in 1853.

Sharing Our Stories - Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre  - Two titles of interest to family historians: Ełexègots’edo and Nahe Gondıé Goghánídle both published in 2013. Includes discussions of local artifacts and interviews with elders.

True North : the Yukon and Northwest Territories by William R. Morrison - a modern general history of the North. The author acknowledges help from northern archives: the Yukon Territorial Archives in Whitehorse, the Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre in Yellowknife.  Oxford University Press publication.

Northwest Territories Genealogists' Blogs

Access Genealogy List - addresses of First Nations societies and residential offices.

Candice McDonald is not a resident of the Northwest Territories, but has two articles which would prove useful in your research. These were written while visiting Yellowknife and give a feel of being there in person. Exploring Canada: The NWT Legislative Building  and 
Focus on an Archive: Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre, NWT

Researchers Located in Northwest Territories
    Difficult to pinpoint, I would suggest sending an email to the archives in the first instance.
If you know of someone to list here, please put a note in the comments. Thank you!

Two Copper Inlet girls dressed in caribou clothing.
Bernard Harbour N.W.T. [Nunavut] 1916
MIKAN 3232522 Library & Archives Canada
Brief History
The Territory of Nunavut was created on 1 April 1999 after negotiations over the redevelopment of  boundaries of the North West Territories. One of Morrison's points is that in 1957 the population of the North was 32,000 people with 5,000 Government employees. (Morrison, p.159)

History of Nunavut  |   History of Iqaluit, formerly Frobisher Bay  - Iqaluit is the captial of Nunavut - this page has a good timeline of the area.  Genealogists will need to be patient as well as creative in their searches.

For Genealogists

These free websites should be your first stopping ground for Nunavut genealogy.
Cangenealogy Nunavut is a website created by Dave Obee with links to explore Canadian genealogy.  Library & Archives Canada - Nunavut the Government of Canada's British Columbia Genealogy Page. Family Search Nunavut is the Family Search wiki.

Government of Nunavut - Archives page

Nunavut E-Resources

The Family Search website has links to the standard e-resources for Nunavut, but specialist and digitized resources are slowly being developed. Many histories of the Inuit people are shared in the oral tradition and the Archives are collecting and recording them, as can been seen on the Archives page.

Library and Archives Canada have been collecting information on identifying the photos of people in the Arctic - please see Project Naming This project is well represented on social media groups - Facebook and Twitter for example.

A unique online photo collection - Nick Newbery Photo Archives

Inhabit Media is a collection of books for children, young adult and adult highlighting Inuit writers and topics.

Print Resources

There were 21 results for genealogy in the Nunavut Public Library System catalogue centred in Iqaluit. Out of the 21, I believe these titles have a family history 'ring' to them.

Swan River : memoir of a family mystery by David Reynolds.

North Pole legacy : black, white and Eskimo by S. Allen Counter. Transcribed---Account of the lives of Anaukaq Henson and Kali Peary. The American-Eskimo sons of Matthew A. Henson and Robert Peary respectively, and their families in the village of Moriussaq, northern Greenland.

A Negro Explorer in the North Pole by Matthew Alexander Henson - the appendix contains a list of Smith Sound Esquimos.   transcription: Matthew A. Henson had been Rear-Admiral Peary's body-servant for twenty-one years and his companion in every Arctic venture since 1891, before he attained the distinction of being with Peary the only man from civilization to reach the Pole. Mr. Henson's little book is a narrative of personal impressions, told for the most part in straightforward style BL

Welcome to Johnny's Place : the Coronation Restaurant in Bowmanville : a Chinese Canadian family business in pictures / by Janice Seto ; all photos courtesy of Johnny Seto and Janice Seto.  (I'm curious as to why this book is in a library in Nunavut!? Was it donated or perhaps a member of the family lives in Iqaluit?) This link gives a review of the book and a little history of the family. 

The juggler's children : a journey into family, legend and the genes that bind us. By Carolyn Abraham.

Nunavut Genealogists' Blogs

Researchers Located in Nunavut - TBD - To Be Determined

This is the last article in the Finding Your Ancestors in Canada Series
but I will continue to monitor resources and add to these pages.
Please stay tuned and stay in touch.   
I hope you find these pages useful to refer back to time and again.

Finding Your Ancestors in Canada Series - BC, Alberta, Saskatchewan, 
Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, Newfoundland and Labrador, the Maritimes

Finding Your Military Ancestors in Canada  |  Finding Your Ancestor in Canadian Directories 

Monday, 8 January 2018

Canadian towns -Genealogy in Maple Ridge & Hammond, B.C.

My genealogy interest in the Lower Mainland (area of Vancouver, B.C.) is multi-faceted. Members of our family were estate gardeners, fruit farmers, longshoremen and yet others were involved in the building of the Second Narrows Bridge.

View across the Fraser River from Port Hammond
From the Image Library- Library and Archives Canada
MIKAN 2878650
It was this last occupation which led me on a journey to find any pictures of the crew who built the Second Narrows Bridge. Unexpectedly, I came across a fabulous photo of the crew of the Hammond Cedar Mill. Hammond is one of the communities in the Maple Ridge area. Maple Ridge is outside the Greater Vancouver area, GVA, but it is a community that has been incorporated since 1874.

I have always known Maple Ridge as Haney, nowadays the city centre is referred to as Haney. But I digress. Below for your genealogy pleasure are some of the sites that I came across during this segway journey into a bit of my family history.

Each of the pictures on the Hammond Cedar Mill page are 'clickable' but they take a very long time to load.
      One of the pictures is of a group of men and the label reads: Accident Free Sep.18 1951 to Sep.18 1952. Not very many names are listed unfortunately.
      Tip: to close the picture hit the Esc key very top extreme left key on your keyboard. That will cancel the loading of the pictures.

This short newsletter from the Maple Ridge Historical Society (a pdf document 2013) has a few historical pictures of events in Maple Ridge - pgs 5 to 6 have a few pictures of the mill.

Fred Braches is a well known historian in this area- his name pops up again and again. This is his contribution to the History of the Hammond Cedar Mill.

Other Maple Ridge Genealogy Resources

Enumeration: Maple Ridge 1917 : An extraordinary 1917 census of the people, horses, cattle, sheeps, hogs. poultry and bees.

ArchiveCenter in Maple Ridge - not to be confused with Maple Ridge Museum and Archives, this is an online archives of documents relating to the business of the City of Maple Ridge. Of interest to a genealogist: Maple Ridge this month - a monthly newsletter for the community and Heritage Newsletters.

The Maple Ridge Museum and Archives has some very useful resources. My favourites are Pioneering Families and the Our Cemeteries, of course! both are under Discover Our Stories.

Haney House Museum - built in 1883 by local pioneer Thomas Haney.  It was occupied by various members of the family until 1979. 

Port Haney is named for Thomas Haney who purchased the land and developed a brickyard which lasted for only a few years. Thomas then moved on to other businesses with his brother in law.

History of Maple Ridge Slideshow - very cool slideshow to explain the history of Maple Ridge, Port Haney, Port Hammond, Webster's Corner, Whonnock, Ruskin and other communities. Slide 44 of 50 provides a list of the communities that mail was delivered to. It rolls through quite quickly, so do let it roll and rewind to catch up on what you missed.

The Maple Ridge Archives are on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and Flickr. Genealogy à la Carte has a list of Facebook pages for Genealogy here

Fred Braches also wrote - Whonnock and Ruskin Archives and History and contributes to the Whonnock History Blog  -  Whonnock is a community very close to the Maple Ridge boundaries.

Also do check with the public library in Maple Ridge for any local history information that I've overlooked. The only information about digital or online collections I could find via their webpages are access to electronic databases and Ancestry Library Edition. Points to the Past: an access point to many Gale products, 18th Century newspapers, British Newspapers 1600-1900, Times Digital Archives 1785-2008 to name a few. Accessible only by B.C. residents and I assume this means with a B.C. library card.

Other Resources 

M. Diane Rogers is a genealogist in Vancouver, B.C. and has written extensively on genealogy resources for the area as well as British Columbia in general. Diane's list of Lower Mainland Genealogy Resources.

BC Genealogical Society